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Cold weather

Cold weather

The cold weather has arrived, everyone must take the necessary precautions to prevent and treat cold-related injuries. Prolonged exposure to low or low temperatures can cause serious injuries, such as hypothermia and freezing. In extreme cases, it can lead to death. It is important that everyone understand cold-related injuries and how to prevent them. Cold injuries can almost always be prevented if proper precautions are taken.


Cold weather




Hypothermia:


Hypothermia is the decrease in internal body temperature. This can and generally occurs at temperatures above freezing.




Symptoms include Hypothermia:

The person feels cold. The skin may be numb with goosebumps. A minor alteration of muscle performance is evident in stiff and clumsy fingers, scrambled language. Breathing and irregular or slow heartbeat. Mental deterioration and chills begin at the same time.


As body temperature continues to decrease, muscular and mental coordination continues to deteriorate.
If symptoms of mild / moderate hypothermia occur, take the person inside, change clothes and contact a hospital for treatment advice.


In case of severe hypothermia, if the person cannot walk, does not tremble and has an abnormal level of consciousness, he should take it to the hospital as soon as possible.

If not treated immediately, it can cause death.





Frost bite:


Freezing is the freezing of tissue in areas such as fingers and toes and ears and can only involve superficial tissue or extend to the bone. Constriction of one end can reduce blood flow and increase the risk of freezing.


Symptoms include Hypothermia:

Redness, pain, burning, itching or stinging sensation. The pain disappears and there is a sudden bleaching of the skin. The skin is firm to the touch, but resistant below. When defrosting, there is a sore or brown pain.



To aid in prevention of cold injuries:

Stack your clothes. Use several layers of light; lose tight clothes instead of a heavy coat.
Stay dry and sweaty. Change clothes if necessary. (Wool retains most of its insulating properties when wet)

* Stay dry from the weather and perspiration. Change clothes if necessary. (Wool retains most of its insulating properties when wet)

* Wear a pair of cotton socks and a pair of wool socks to increase insulation and remove perspiration of the feet.

* Wear gloves or mittens

* Use a warm head cover

* Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration.

* Use moisturizing lotions and lip balm.

* Stay active to produce more heat.

* Eat hot and high-calorie foods, such as hot soups.

* Drink hot and sweet drinks (ie hot chocolate or sports drinks); Sugar helps the body generate additional heat.



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