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Ebola Disease

Ebola Disease

Ebola virus is a type of RNA virus (ribonucleic acid) that causes EBOLA hemorrhagic fever. It is highly contagious and is often fatal in humans and some primates, such as monkeys and gorillas. Ebola is transmitted through direct contact with the body fluids of an infected person. Ebola virus is a member of the family of an RNA virus called Filoviridae.


Ebola Disease

There are four identified subtypes of Ebola virus. Three of the four have caused diseases in humans:

* Ebola - Zaire


* Ebola - Sudan


* Ebola - Ivory Coast


Fourth, Ebola-Reston has caused diseases in nonhuman primates.

Causes of Ebola Virus:

* Ebola is caused by a virus.

* Causes a serious illness with bleeding.

* Up to 90% will die

* There are no vaccines or treatments available.

* Many people can get infected quickly.


How does Ebola Virus spread?



Researchers believe that the first human who contracts Ebola contracts an animal's virus. Then the virus can spread from human to human. The spread usually occurs in the later stages of the disease.


* Sick people can transmit this disease to others

* People in direct contact with sick people have the highest risk:

* Members of the family

* Health workers

* Contact with dead bodies can cause infection. BE CAREFUL


Outbreaks of Ebola Virus:


Since it spreads through direct contact, it can occur even after death, since people preparing the body for burial can become infected. Without adequate protection, it can also be spread in hospitals, especially if needles or syringes are used without sterilization between uses. The incubation period (time between infection and the onset of symptoms) for Ebola is 2 to 21 days. During that time it is multiplying in the body and the person will have no symptoms.

Symptoms of Ebola Virus:

Ebola virus is a serious viral disease, often characterized by the sudden appearance of

* High fever

* Headache

* Joint and muscle aches

* Weakness / tiredness

* Stomach and pain

* Lack of appetite




As the disease worsens, it causes bleeding inside the body,

as well as the eyes, ears and nose. Some people will vomit or cough blood, have bloody diarrhea and will splash.

Ebola Virus Vaccine:

* There is no authorized vaccine for Ebola virus available. Several vaccines are being tested, but none are available for clinical use.

* Severely ill patients require intensive supportive care. Patients are frequently dehydrated and 
they require oral rehydration with solutions containing electrolytes or intravenous fluids.


Ebola Virus Treatment:

There is no specific treatment available. The treatment is mainly of a supportive nature and includes minimization of invasive procedures, fluid and electrolyte balance to counteract dehydration, administration of anticoagulants early in infection to prevent or control disseminated intravascular coagulation, administration of late procoagulants in infection to control bleeding, maintain oxygen levels, control pain and the use of medications to treat bacterial or fungal secondary infections. Early treatment can increase the chances of survival. Several experimental treatments are being studied.



Preventive measures for Ebola virus :

* Keep a safe distance from the sick or loved person through which the Ebola virus can be transmitted,

* Casual contact in public places with people who do not appear to be ill do not transmit Ebola. You cannot get Ebola virus by handling money, groceries or swimming in a pool. Mosquitoes do not transmit the Ebola virus.

* Ebola virus is easily killed with soap, bleach, sunlight or drying. The Ebola virus survives a short time on the surface that has dried in the sun.

* Be sure to wash your hands with soap / soap before taking any food.





* Do not touch an infected person or their body fluids, including blood, vomiting, faces, urine, etc.

* Do not touch or eat bushmeat and bats

* Take special care with your vomiting and diarrhea

* The advice of the doctor should be taken into account. You may be sent to a special hospital. Medical care should be taken immediately, if you find any symptoms.



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