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How to treat a Snake Bite

How to treat a Snake Bite

There are almost 2,700 species of snakes in the world, of which 272 species are found in India. In that, 58 species are poisonous. Most snakes are not poisonous; This article provides some guidelines on the measures to be taken before and immediately after the snake bite. Most snake bite deaths are due to fear.

How to treat a Snake Bite

Everything you've seen in the movies, like sucking the venom from the wound, cutting it with a knife, etc., is COMPLETELY wrong. You would only increase the damage that is already done. The only things that really work are the following:

Snake bite Signs & Symptoms :

1) discharge of the wound with blood

2) Fang marks on the skin and swelling at the site of the bite

3) localized severe pain

4) Diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.

5) seizures, fainting, dizziness, weakness

6) blurred vision

7) Fever increased thirst

8) Loss of muscle coordination, numbness and rapid tingling of the pulse.

Snake bite prevention :

1) Avoid going out in the dark, especially during the monsoon, without a torch and leather boots / shoes.

2) When moving through tall grass or weeds, push the ground in front of you with a long stick to scare away snakes.

3) Check your shoes for snakes / insects before putting your feet inside

4) The roads should be fine, avoid paving with loose titles.

5) Snakes love dark and cool places! Eliminate such areas in the workplace.

6) After any construction work, remove all debris immediately. Give shelter to the snake.

7) There should be no vegetation (small trees, vines) touching the wall of the house, which can help snakes climb the windows and any fan.

8) Disinfectants with spicy odors such as phenyl can be used regularly in toilets and drains. Snakes avoid the unpleasant smell.

Snake bite First aid : Do it RIGHT :

1) reassure the victim,

2) Immobilize the bitten limb without compression.

3) Take the victim to the hospital as soon as possible

4) Tell the doctor signs that appear on the way to the hospital.

Snake bite DO'S:

1) Withdraw yourself or the victim from the risk of a second bite.

2) Take note of the physical appearance of the snakes (color and shape). It is important to describe the snake to hospital staff so that the appropriate anti-poison can be administered.

3) Wash the bite with running water as soon as possible, in which the maximum poison is removed.
4) Quickly take off jewelry or tight clothing near the bite, before swelling begins.

5) Calm the patient. Immobilize the bite arm or leg and stay as quiet as possible to prevent the poison from spreading through your body.

6) Keep the bite area under the heart to decrease the flow of the poison.

7) Apply a splint to reduce movement of the affected area, but keep it loose enough not to restrict blood flow.

8) Control the blood pressure, temperature, respiratory rate and pulse of the victim, as best you can.

Snake bite DONT'S:

1) Don't panic: remember that most bites, even poisonous snakes, are not fatal. Panic can increase the danger to the victim by including a rapid heat stroke.

2) Do not excite the victim or allow the victim to walk if it can be avoided. Doing so will increase blood circulation and accelerate the spread of venom beyond the area of ​​the sting.

3) Do not cut the wound or try to extract the poison with the oral suction.

4) Do not use a tourniquet or apply ice.

5) Do not drink caffeine or alcohol.

6) Do not try to capture the snake, but try to remember its color and shape so you can describe it, which will help in its treatment.
7) Do not raise the site of the bite above the level of the person's heart.
8) Do not give the victim any medication unless directed by a doctor.

9) Never drive a snake, even if you think it's dead. Recently dead snakes can still bite by reflex.

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