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Paper is a thin material produced by pressing together wet fibers, typically pulp derived from wood or herbs and drying them in flexible sheets. Paper is a versatile material with many uses, the most common is for writing and printing.




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Impact of paper on the environment:


Few people think about the effects that these objects have on the environment, but the role has a significant impact on the health and future of the planet.

The production and use of paper has a number of adverse effects on the environment that are collectively known as paper contamination. Cellulose plants contribute to the pollution of air, water and land.

Globally, the pulp and paper industry is the fifth largest consumer of energy, accounting for four percent of energy use worldwide. The pulp and paper industry uses more water to produce a ton of product than any other industry. Deforestation and water pollution were the main problems associated with paper.

Deforestation:


World paper consumption has increased by 400% in the last 40 years. 35 percent of harvested trees are paper. Forest clearing to produce paper not only eliminates vital ecosystems, but also contributes to global warming. Half of the world's carbon, a greenhouse gas, is stored in forests. When forests are cleared, carbon is released into the atmosphere, where it contributes to climate change. The paper industry is one of the largest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions in the world.





Water Pollution:

Wastewater discharges for a pulp and paper mill contain solids, nutrients and dissolved organic matter, such as lignin. It also contains alcohols and chelating agents and inorganic materials such as chlorates and transition metal compounds. Nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus can cause or exacerbate the eutrophication of freshwater bodies such as lakes and rivers. Organic matter dissolved in fresh water, measured by the Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), changes the ecological characteristics and, in the worst case, leads to the death of all higher living organisms. Wastewater can also be contaminated with organochlorine compounds.



Tips to reduce waste of office paper:

* Use both sides of the paper

* Set the computer defaults for duplex printing
.




Think before you print or copy


* Preview documents before printing. Use print preview to detect formatting errors and blank pages before printing. First check and use the spelling / grammar tool to help avoid errors that can cause reprinting of documents.


* Print only the pages you need. If only a few pages of the document are needed, print only those pages instead of the full report. Most software programs offer this option under the printing function.


* Reuse wasted or unilateral paper.

* Reduce the margin setting so your printer uses less paper




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