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Earth Quake

Earth Quake
             It is not possible to prevent earthquakes or change the likelihood of an earthquake occurring.
However, we can greatly increase our chances of safety and survival, by being aware and per-pared. Since knowledge and preparation are keys to your survival during and after an earth-quake, you should take steps to become informed in this EHS Alert.

Dangers Associated with Earthquakes:

The actual movement of the ground in an earthquake is seldom the direct cause of injury or death. Most casualties result from falling objects and collapsing structures.

Injuries are commonly caused by:

* Partial building collapse, such as falling masonry, collapsing walls, falling ceiling plaster, etc.
* Flying glass from broken windows.
* Fallen power lines.
* Inappropriate actions resulting from panic.
* Overturned bookcases, fixed object, furniture, office machines and appliances.


Remain Calm. Sound usually precedes earthquake motion by a split second. If you have developed the correct earthquake responses in your mind before a quake, this split second is enough time to activate your automatic reactions.

Prepare Your Family:

*  Know the safe spots in each room: against inside walls, under strong tables, desks or archways.
*  Know the danger spots: windows, mirrors, hanging objects, fireplaces and unsecured furniture.
*  Practice family drills. Physically place yourself in safe locations. This is especially important for children.
*  Learn first aid.

Keep a listing of emergency numbers

Prepare Your Home:

* Check your residence, whether constructed as per earthquake resistance norms.

*  Keep breakables or heavy objects on bottom shelves.

*  Secure tall heavy furniture which could topple, such as bookcases, filling cabinets and wall units.

*  Secure the hanging appliances heavy picture frames and mirrors (especially over beds).

*  Keep flammable or hazardous liquids such as paints, pest sprays or cleaning products in the garage or outside shed.

*  Check chimneys, roofs, walls, foundations for structural condition.

During Tremor:

*  If outdoors, get into an open area away from trees, buildings, walls and power lines.

*  If in a high-rise building, stay away from windows and outside walls. Get under a table. Do not use the elevators.
*  If in a crowded public place, do not rush for the doors.

*  Move away from display shelves containing objects that may fall.

*  If indoors, stay there. Drop, Cover and Hold. Get under a desk or table and hang on. Alternately, you can stand in an archway or corner.

*  In all cases, drop, cover and hold; protect your head as much as possible.

After tremor stops:

*  Stay calm and check for injuries. Apply first aid if qualified.

*  Make a quick check for injuries or trapped people.

*  Provide emergency first aid if needed. Do not try to move seriously injured persons unless they are in immediate danger from further injury.
*  Check for fires, gas and water leaks and damaged electrical wirings.

*  If you smell gas, do not use matches, candles, etc. and do not operate electrical switches.

*  Check building for cracks and damage, including roof, chimneys and foundation. If you suspect there is serious damage, turn off all utilities and leave the building.

*  Turn on your portable radio for emergency instructions and news reports, and cooperate fully with emergency response officials.

*  Keep Disaster Response Routes clear for emergency vehicles.
*  Remember Stay calm and lend a hand to others in need.
        Apply your good intention to accident prevention

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