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How to prevent cholera

How to prevent cholera


It is an acute epidemic infectious disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholera. A soluble toxin made in the intestinal tract by the bacterium activates mucosal adenylate cyclase, causing active secretion of an isotonic fluid that results in profuse watery diarrhea, extreme loss of fluids and electrolytes, dehydration and collapse, but without major morphological changes. . The intestinal mucosa.

How to prevent cholera

Causes of Cholera:

Vibrio cholera, the bacteria that causes cholera, is usually found in food or water contaminated by the feces of an infected person.

Common sources of Cholera:

* Municipal water supply

* Ice made from municipal water

* Food and drinks sold by street vendors.
* Vegetables grown with water containing human waste.

* Raw or undercooked fish and shellfish caught in waters contaminated with sewage.

Cholera Symptoms:

* Fast heart rate

* Loss of skin elasticity (the ability to return to the original position quickly if pinched)

* Dry mucous membranes, even inside the mouth, throat, nose and eyelids.

* Low blood pressure.

* Thirst

* Muscle cramps

Cholera Prevention and  Treatment:

Although there is a cholera vaccine, the World Health Organization usually does not recommend it because it may not protect up to half of the people who receive it and it lasts only a few months. However, you can protect yourself and your family using only water that has been boiled, water that has been chemically disinfected, or bottled water. Be sure to use bottled, boiled or chemically disinfected water for the following purposes:

* To drink

* Preparation of food or drinks.

* Make ice

* Brushing your teeth.

* Wash your face and hands

* Wash the dishes and utensils you use to eat or prepare food.

* Washing fruits and vegetables.

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