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Prevention of Malaria

Prevention of Malaria

The monsoon brings a lot of joy to our lives as a result of the respite from the extreme heat season that follows, but the misery that it brings with it in the form of illness is inevitable and leaves behind a series of vector-borne diseases and diseases, some of the what life can be threatening





Prevention of Malaria



Malaria:






Malaria is one of the diseases that can easily affect ordinary people during the monsoon season. Malaria is transmitted by the mosquito called anopheles mosquito. These mosquitoes are actually female. Male mosquitoes will not do any harm. The monsoon season is the perfect season for them to lay eggs and reproduce. The messy environment makes it easy for them to breed. This is the worst disease that affects several thousand people a year and leads to death.




Causes of Malaria:





A mosquito causes an infection from a bite. First, sporozoites (infectious cells developed in mosquito saliva) enter the bloodstream and migrate to the liver. They infect the liver cells, where they multiply into merozoites (malaria parasite form that invades the red blood cells), break the liver cells and return to the bloodstream. Then, the merozoites infected blood cells, where they developed in the form of a ring, trophozoites (protozoa in their early stages of growth) and schizont (cells developed from trophozoites) that in turn produce more merozoites. Sexual forms also occur that, if taken by a mosquito, will infect the insect and continue the life cycle.


Common Malaria Mosquito Breeding Ground:


Common Malaria Mosquito Breeding Ground



Symptoms of Malaria:


Malaria symptoms usually begin 8-25 days after infection; However, symptoms may appear later in those who have taken antimalarial medications as prevention. The initial manifestations of the disease common to all malaria species are similar to flu-like symptoms and may resemble other conditions, such as blood poisoning, stomach inflammation and viral diseases. The presentation may include

* Repeated fever

* Shaking

* weakness

* joints and muscle aches

* vomiting


Symptoms of Malaria


Preventive Measures of Malaria:


* Prevent mosquito bites, malaria is transmitted by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito, these mosquitoes usually bite between dusk and dawn.

* If possible, stay indoors in a protected or air-conditioned area during the peak bite period.

* If no screening or air conditioning tests are available, use an aerosol containing phytoids in the living and sleeping areas during night and night hours, sleep under mosquito nets, preferably those treated with insecticide.

* Wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants and hats, when you go outdoors.

* Use insect repellent when going outdoors. Apply insect repellent to skin not covered by clothing. Use insect repellents containing DEET (diethylmenthytoluamide) for the best protection.



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