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Emergency Response Plan is a plan of action for the efficient deployment and coordination of services, agencies and personnel to provide the earliest possible response to an emergency.
Objectives of emergency response plan:
Ø  To get back the situation under control in the minimum possible time
Ø  To protect the plant personnel inside the plant and public outside the plant
Ø  Reduce damage to buildings, stock, and equipment
Ø  To protect the environment and the community.
Ø  Accelerate the resumption of normal plant operations

Types of emergency response plan:

Emergency response plan is divided in to types;
Ø  On - site emergency response plan
Ø  Off - site emergency response plan
On - site emergency response plan: The following types of emergencies come under on site emergency;
·         Collapse of structures
·         Fall from height
·         Spills of flammable liquids
·         Fire accidents
·         Pressure vessel burst
·         Hit by vehicle
On - site emergency involves only plant personnel inside the plant.
Off - site emergency response plan: The following types of emergencies comes under off - site emergency;
·         Leakage of toxic gases
Road accidents when working on existing roads
·         Fire accidents affecting public
·         Earth quakes
·         Floods
·         Tornadoes
·         Severe wind storms
off - site emergency involves both plant personnel inside the plant and public outside the plant

Essential elements of emergency preparedness planning:

Ø  Identify hazards and assess risk associated with project activities
Ø  All the access and egress are to be identified and they are to be maintained un obstructed all the time
Ø  An emergency assembly point is to be identified and all workers are to be informed regarding emergency assembly point
Ø  Provide fire extinguishers and other firefighting equipment
Ø  If a fire brigade is necessary, adequately train them
Ø  Certified first aider is to be appointed and separate provision for first aid room is to be provided
Ø  An ambulance equipped with stretcher and oxygen cylinder should made available
Ø  Internal rescue teams are to be prepared, and their names along with contact numbers are to be displayed at all designated places
Ensure rescue teams are familiar with job site conditions
Ø  Alarm systems are to be provided in the site, in order to alert all personnel during emergency
Ø  Develop and maintain relation with external agencies like fire department, police department and local hospitals
Ø  The contact details of respective external agencies are to be displayed at sites
Ø  Mock drills are to be conducted for every six months in case of on - site emergency and for every twelve months in case of off - site emergency

During emergency remember;

Ø  Stop what you’re doing
Ø  Don’t get panic
Ø  Alert others by using alarms provided
Ø  Ensure you’re accounted for
Ø  Immediately inform to the site emergency controller regarding the emergency
Ø  Follow the directions given by emergency controller
Ø  Never use elevators in case of fire
Ø  Assemble at nearest emergency assembly point
Ø  Remain at assembly point until all clear signal is given

Be Preventive To Act Effective

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