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The History of What Is Nipah Virus.

The history of What is Nipah Virus

Nipah virus (NiV) infection is a newly emerging zoonosis that causes severe disease in both animals and humans. The natural host of the virus are fruit bats of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus.

NiV was first identified during an outbreak of disease that took place in Kampung Sungai Nipah, Malaysia in 1998. On this occasion, pigs were the intermediate hosts. There is no vaccine for either humans or animals. The primary treatment for human cases is intensive supportive care.

Nipah Virus How does it spread?

* The virus spreads directly from the human-to-human through close contact with people’s secretions and excretions.

* Eating partially eaten fruits bu infected bats and partially cooked meat of infected animals can also trigger the virus.

* Drinking date palm sap / toddy / juice can also cause the infection.

The history of What is Nipah Virus

Signs and symptoms of the Nipah virus

* Infected people initially develop flu-like symptoms of fever, headaches, myalgia (muscle pain), vomiting and sore throat.

* The infection progresses to acute respiratory infection (mild to severe) causing breathing interference. During this phase, people experience typical pneumonia and acute respiratory distress, which leads to serious problems.

Nipah virus prevention

* Avoid close physical contact (without protection) with infected people.

* Wash your hands regularly with soap.
* Avoid consuming partially consumed fruits or unpasteurized fruit juices.

* Boil palm juice from freshly harvested dates before consuming it.

* Wash and peel the fruits well before consuming them.

* Maintain your personal hygiene and that of your children.

* Do not drink toddy collected from areas where bats are found in large quantities.

Nipah virus prevention

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