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Types of personal protective equipment

Types of personal protective equipment

Personal protective equipment, commonly referred to as "PPE", is the equipment worn to minimize exposure to serious workplace injuries and illnesses. These injuries and illnesses may result from contact with radiological, physical, chemical, electrical, and mechanical, or other workplace hazards.
Personal protective equipment is classified in to types:

1) Non Respiratory

2) Respiratory

Most of our work activities involve non respiratory PPE such as gloves, safety glasses and nose masks, shoes, earplugs or muffs, hard hats, vests and full body suits.


Types of personal protective equipment

Criteria for selection of Personal Protective Equipment

It should meet specification of Indian standards (IS Codes)

* PPE which is selected should be ease of maintenance

* Should be comfort, Compatible and effective for the use of multiple PPE.

Classification on Non Respiratory PPE :

Head protection : Among all types of non-respiratory PPE head protection is given utmost importance and is divided in to two types;

* Industrial safety helmet

* Crash helmet (used while driving)

Ear protection :

There are two types of ear protection ;

* Ear Plug : Reduce noise upto 10-15 decibels

Ear muffs: Reduce noise up to 30 - 45 decibels

personal protective equipment list

Hand protection :

Hand protection is divided in to following types;

 Rubber hand gloves: To be used while working in concreting and water.

Leather hand gloves: To be used during welding and gas cutting

* Cotton hand gloves : Used for material handling

Asbestos hand gloves: Generally used while working with fire and heat, can with stand up to 350 degree centigrade.

Electrician hand gloves: Used while working near energized parts. They are available at tested capacities of 650, 1100, 3300 and 4000 volts.

personal fire protection equipment



Leg protection :


Leg protection is divided in to following types;


 Industrial safety shoes: Used to protect legs from hot metals, sharp objects etc.

Gumboots: To be used while working in concreting, water and gum boots without steel toe can be used while working with electrical lines if they are tested for electrical resistance.

Asbestos shoes: Used while working with furnaces and boilers

Safety Harness :

A double lanyard safety harness is to be provided for all workers who are made to work above 2 meters from the ground level and provision (Life line) for anchoring the harness is to be provided. During work at height, free fall clearance of minimum 6.3 meters is to be maintained from the point of anchorage.

personal protective equipment list


Leg protection :

Where PPE is provided, storage facilities for PPE must be provided for when it is not in use, unless the employee may take PPE away from the workplace (e.g. footwear or clothing).

Electrician hand gloves shall be stored unfolded, in a dry, dark and cool place where temperature is preferably about 27 + 20C

*  Enclosed storage facility should be provided to protect the PPE from contamination, loss, damage, damp or sunlight

* Where PPE may become contained during use, it should be stored separately.

 PPE’s should be stored separately from other store materials

* PPE's should not be stored near flammable substance.

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