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What is Nipah Virus

What is Nipah Virus

Nipah virus (NiV) infection is a newly emerging zoonosis that causes severe disease in both animals and humans. The natural host of the virus are fruit bats of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus.
NiV was first identified during an outbreak of disease that took place in Kampung Sungai Nipah, Malaysia in 1998. On this occasion, pigs were the intermediate hosts. There is no vaccine for either humans or animals. The primary treatment for human cases is intensive supportive care.

Nipah Virus How does it spread?

* The virus spreads directly from the human-to-human through close contact with people’s secretions and excretions.

*Eating partially eaten fruits bu infected bats and partially cooked meat of infected animals can also trigger the virus.

*Drinking date palm sap /toddy/juice can also cause the infection.

Nipah Virus Signs and Symptoms

*Infected people initially develop influenza-like symptoms of fever, headaches, myalgia (muscle pain) vomiting and sore throat.

*The infection progresses to acute respiratory infection (mild to severe) causing interference in breathing. During this phase, people experience a typical pneumonia and acute respiratory distress, which further leads to severe problems.

Nipah Virus  Prevention

*Avoid close (unprotected) physical contact with infected people.
*Wash hands regularly with soap.
*Avoid consuming partly eaten fruits or unpasteurized fruit juices.
*Boil freshly collected date palm juice before consuming.
*Thoroughly wash and peel fruits before consuming.
*Maintain your and children’s personal hygiene.
*Do not drink toddy collected from areas where bats are found in large numbers.

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