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Safe use of Ladder

Safe use of Ladder

Fall from height is a significant problem in construction sites, which resulting in serious injury. This Safe use of ladder information for creating and maintaining a safe working environment when working at height.




Ladder:

Ladders are commonly used to reach or to gain access to higher areas / levels and sometime from which to perform work. There are a number of hazards associated with ladder use that can cause accidents resulting in serious injuries. These potential injuries include:

Ø  Falling from ladders
Ø  Struck by objects or by ladder (falling ladder or when carrying ladders)
Ø  Tripping over ladders
Ø  Muscle strain from carrying heavy ladders.

Causes of ladder

           Ø  Ladder not secured in place
Ø  Slippery surfaces (feet, rungs, footwear)
Ø  Improper angle
Ø  Improper set-up - not spreading ladder legs and spreader bars.
Ø  Poor grip
Ø  Unsafe position on ladder (reaching, climbing too high)
Ø  Defective/damaged ladder
Ø  Ladder positioned too close to electrical lines
Ø  Using ladder in high winds

Working from ladders poses the risk of falling and the decision to use a ladder from which to work should be considered the least desirable method. Safer alternate methods such as performing work from scaffolding or elevating platforms should be considered first.

The  Maximum length of a ladder measured along its side rail shall not be more than.

Ø  6m for a step ladder
Ø  10m for a stock ladder
Ø  18m for and extension ladder with two sections
Ø   No ladder shall be lashed to another ladder to increase length

Before using a ladder, be sure to inspect it is in good working condition and safe to use. inspect ladders for.

Ø  Defect such as broken or missing rungs, cleats or rails.
Ø  Slippery substances on rungs
Ø  Stability
Ø  Inspect for structural integrity:
·         Joints should be tight and secure
·         Hardware and fittings should be secure, not damaged or corroded
·         Moveable parts should operate freely
·         Check side rails and rungs for signs of damage, cracks
·         Test rung locks (extension ladders)
Ø  Damaged or defective ladders must be immediately removed from service and not used.
Ø  All ladders shall be carefully inspected, if incidentally dropped or otherwise damaged in use.

Safe Climbing and Use:


Ø  Select a ladder of proper length to reach the working height and inspect prior to use
Ø  Ensure only competent workmen’s are engaging to work at height.
Ø  Metal ladders shall not be used near to the overhead electrical lines.
Ø  Only one person is permitted on a ladder at the same time
Ø  Do not overreach
Ø  Always face the ladder and keep your hips (center of gravity) between the rails
Ø  A tool-pouch, shoulder bag or haul bag is used to convey tools.
Ø  Ensure soles of shoes are clean and not slippery
Ø  Never climb a damaged, bent or broken ladder.
ØMaintain 3-point contact with ladders (1 hand and 2 feet or hands and 1 foot) when climbing or descending ladders.
Ø  Be aware of surrounding when carrying the ladder. Pay particular attention to overhead obstacles and people around to avoid striking them.
Ø  Ladders leading to landing , walkways or working platform shall extend at least one meter above the landing and it should be properly secured.
Ø  Metal ladders shall be inspected at least once in three months, all parts to be check for wear corrosion and structural failure.

Storing and Transporting Ladders:


Ø  Ladders should be supported to prevent sagging
Ø  Do not store items on top of ladders
Ø  When carrying a ladder:
·         Hold middle side rail and tip front slightly upward
·         Watch for swing in the tail end
·         Watch for overhead hazards
·         Get help with long ladders (>8ft)
Ø  Keep metal ladders away from power lines and other live conductors.






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