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The Evolution of Emergency Response Plan

The evolution of Emergency Response Plan

The Emergency Response Plan is an action plan for the efficient deployment and coordination of services, agencies and personnel to provide the earliest possible response to an emergency.

The evolution of Emergency Response Plan

Objectives of the emergency response plan:

* Recover the situation under control in the shortest possible time.

* Protect plant personnel inside the plant and the public outside the plant.

* Reduce damage to buildings, stocks and equipment.

* Protect the environment and the community.

* Accelerate the resumption of normal plant operations.

Types of emergency response plan:

The emergency response plan is divided into types;

* Emergency response plan on site

* Off-site emergency response plan

Site emergency response plan: The following types of emergencies are included in site emergencies;

* Collapse of structures

* Fall from high altitude

* Spills of flammable liquids.

* Fire Accidents

* Bursting the pressure vessel

* Hit by vehicle

The on-site emergency involves only plant personnel within the plant.

Off-site emergency response plan: The following types of emergencies are included under the off-site emergency;

* Leakage of toxic gases.

Road accidents when working on existing roads.

* Fire accidents that affect the public.

* Tremors

* Floods

* Tornadoes

* Severe windstorms

Off-site emergency involves both plant staff inside the plant and the public outside the plant

Essential element of emergency preparedness planning:

* Identify the hazards and evaluate the risks associated with the project activities.

* All access and exit must be identified and maintained unobstructed at all times.

* An emergency meeting point must be identified and all workers must be informed about the emergency meeting point

* Provide fire extinguishers and other fire extinguishing equipment.

* If a fire department is necessary, train them properly
* Certified first aid will be designated and separate provisions will be provided for the first aid room.

* An ambulance equipped with a stretcher and oxygen cylinder must be available.

* Internal rescue teams must be prepared, and their names along with contact numbers must be displayed at all designated locations.

* Make sure rescue teams are familiar with workplace conditions.

* Alarm systems must be provided on site to alert all personnel during an emergency.

* Develop and maintain relationships with external agencies such as the fire department, the police department and local hospitals.

* The contact details of the respective external agencies will be displayed on the sites.

* Mock drills will be conducted every six months in case of emergency on site and every twelve months in case of emergency off site

During the emergency remember,

* Stop doing what you are doing

* Do not panic

* Alert others using the alarms provided

* Be sure to consider

* Immediately inform the site emergency controller about the emergency.
* Follow the instructions given by the emergency controller.

* Never use elevators in case of fire.
* Ride at the nearest emergency meeting point

* Stay at the mount point until all the clear signal is given

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