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The Biggest Contribution Of Musculo-skeletal Disorders (MSD’s) To Humanity


Musculo-skeletal disorders (MSD’s) involve the injury of muscles and also the bones within the body, in addition, because the nerves, ligaments, blood vessels and tendons

MSD’s occur once the strain of labour exceed the capability of the body.


Types of Musculo-skeletal disorders

1) Ligament sprain

Ligaments attach from bone to bone. Sprains area unit usually caused 
by fast overstretching, abnormal twisting or bending

Ligament sprain


2) Tendon or muscle strain tear

Tendons attach from bone to muscle. Strains area unit usually caused by fast overstretching, overloading or abnormal twisting. 
Common injury: Industrial painter victimization associate degree ex extension pole for long periods strains the anatomical structure muscles of the shoulder. 

Tendon or muscle strain tear


3) Herniated inter vertebral disk

Discs placed between the bony vertebrae within the back comprises a soft core enclosed by a tricky outer shell. Abrupt twisting or bending movements or a slow deterioration will cause the disc to bulge and compress the near spinal nerves.

Common injury : Labourers normally hurt their backs by physically carrying significant awkward masses.


Herniated inter vertebral disk

4) Bursitis

Bursae area unit sacs crammed with fluid and placed between a bone and a connective tissue or muscle so as to scale back fiction. Inflammation happens once the bursa become swollen because of continuance similar movements.

Bursitis


5) Tendinitis

Tendons usually rub against bony structures and become swollen because of continuance similar movements.

Tendinitis

Common injury: Swinging a sledgehammer repeatedly may result in tendinitis of the elbow.



6) Nerve denial

Nerves provide the muscle with signals of once to contract and once to relax.
Nerves become compressed by swelling of close tissue. Common injury, Road staff could suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome within the carpus once they habitually tie rebar by hand.

Nerve denial


How to prevent Musculo-skeletal disorders:

Prevention of musculo-skeletal disorders will be done through engineering, body and medical measures. A number of the measures area unit given below:


How to prevent Musculo-skeletal disorders


How to prevent Musculo-skeletal disorders:

1)Risk assessment of the task and work processes for engineering factors ought to be done before planning and building of the work.

2) Manual handling and lifting of significant masses ought to be eliminated as so
 much as potential by automation.

3) Work method ought to be designed to avoid continuous standing and sitting, 
avoid repetitive monotonous activities and unhealthy postures as so much as potential.

5) Exposure to vibration ought to be controlled through correct maintenance and artifact of machines.

Administrative Measures of Musculo-skeletal disorders:

1)Job rotation and work rest cycles ought to given to all or any workers.

2)Employee ought to be inspired to follow safe operational procedures and 
wear appropriate PPEs.

3)Health education sessions for promotion of positive health ought to be conducted.

Medical Measures of Musculo-skeletal disorders:

1)Pre-employment medical check-up ought to specialize in fitting the worker to the duty.

2)Periodic medical check-up ought to be conducted for early designation of musculo-skeletal disorders and alternative medical conditions.



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