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Fog is a dense layer of cloud lying close to the surface of the ground or water and reducing visibility to less than 200 meters. Fog occurs when the air temperature becomes identical, or nearly identical, to the dew point. Driving during foggy days can be a complete nightmare.


The best thing to do is to avoid driving in fog — even if you are a confident driver. Check weather forecasts and if there is a fog warning and delay your trip until it clears. In case that is not possible, follow these simple tips to stay safe.

1. Be Aware of Local Weather Conditions: Fog is often in morning or evening weather phenomena, so if possible, avoid driving during these times. Also be aware of local areas that tend to accumulate fog, like certain seaside areas, and other low lying areas near lakes and rivers.

2. Allow More Distance between Vehicles: Increase your count distance by 5 seconds instead of the normal 2 seconds behind another vehicle. Never rush or speed to get out of the fog.

3. Be Cautious at all times: The moisture in the air may continuously collect on the windshield, making it more difficult to see. Adjust the defroster and windshield wiper speed as necessary.

4. Use fog lights or Hazard lights (if equipped): Many vehicles have fog or hazard lights that were installed at the factory. These lights are usually mounted low, in or below the front bumper. They are aimed towards the ground out in front of the vehicle as far as possible. Fog lights mainly differ from hazard lights in the way they project the light.

5. Use your low beams: The visibility in front of you will sharply decrease in a fog, so use the vehicle's low beam lights (if the vehicle does not have fog lights or hazard lights). Heavy fog conditions prohibit use of high beam headlights. The light from high beam headlights will be reflected back by thick fog. As fog thins, high beams can become more effective. Check periodically to see, if the fog has thinned enough to make use of high beams.

6. Pull over to the side of the road: If your visibility gets too difficult or thick, pull over and wait and then turn on
your hazard lights & alert other drivers of where you are.

7. Blow the horn repeatedly: Especially, while changing lanes and
at turns.

8. Needless to say, don't drink and drive.

9. Turn on your blower heater: Fog outside will often cause
condensation inside, blower heater will help you to avoid the
condensation on the windscreen and windows.

10. Check that your windscreen and windows are clean and that your light indicators are working.

DO’s during FOG:

* Switch on the Fog lamps, if available on your vehicle else turn
ON the Headlights & Tail lights.

* Keep distance of 4 seconds between you and the car in front -if
visible. Keep extra distance to brake safely.

* Drive with lights on low beam. Thick fog will reflect back the
high beam and actually impair visibilities even more.

* Drive slow & watch for speedometer. Fog creates a visual
illusion of slow motion, when you may actually be speeding.

* Turn off the music and don’t eat or drink, concentrate on driving.

* Listen for traffic you cannot see. Open your window a little for better audibility.

* Be patient and drive slowly, Honk periodically.

* Use the left edge of the road or painted road markings, as a guide.

* Use wipers and defrosters, as necessary for maximum visibility.

* Look and listen more cautiously for any hazards that may be ahead.

* If the fog is too dense to continue, pull completely off the road and try to position your vehicle in a safe
parking area. Turn on your hazard lights, in addition to keeping low-beam headlights ON.

DON’Ts during FOG:

* Don’t stop on a freeway or heavily travelled road in the foggy weather.

* Be patient, don’t cross lines of traffic.

* Don’t speed up suddenly, even if the fog seems to be clearing. You could find yourself suddenly back in fog.

* Don’t speed up to pass a vehicle moving slowly or to get away from a vehicle that is following too closely.

* Don’t drive in and park, so that you will need to reverse out with obscured vision. Reversing into a parking
spot will allow you to drive out.

* Don’t plan any Lifting Operations / Crane Operations or movement during the foggy weather as visibility is

* Reversing Heavy Vehicles / Equipment should be strictly prohibited, unless under direction!

* Avoid reversing over a long distance. It may be safer and easier to turn around or drive around the block.

* As you approach a reverse parking area visually check for obstacles.

* Always try to enter and leave any road in a forward direction.

* If you must reverse across an obscured footpath or other areas where there may be Pedestrians / Workmen use the Vehicle’s horn to warn them.

* Reverse slowly, use your rear view mirror, side mirrors and check both sides. Look back and continue to look back, whilst moving in reverse.

* If you are not certain that the way is clear because of blind spots, get someone else to guide you or get out and check yourself.

* Walk around your vehicle and check for hazards before reversing from a parking area, if you have restricted rear vision.

DON’Ts during Reversing the Vehicle:

* Don’t reverse any vehicle /equipment without helper / signalman.

* Never reverse from a minor road into a major road.

* Don’t be too shy or proud to ask someone to guide you. Remember, it is less embarrassing to use a guide than to crash a vehicle.

* Don’t drive in and park so that you will need to reverse out with obscured vision. Reversing into a parking spot will allow you to drive out.

* Do not reverse the vehicle in over speed.

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